When talking about people, animals and occupations things get a bit blurry. la exposición → the exhibition We say EL agua fríA (The cold water). Some words are exclusively reserved for female articles and others are exclusively reserved for male ones. You cannot rely on the word endings or other gender rules, because they all have exceptions. Which brings us to the only exception to these rules! Little by little, and loads of practice is the best remedy. If you were referring to a male friend, which article would you use EL or LA? Gender in Spanish: How to know when a noun is feminine or masculine. Spanish. FluentU is designed to get you comfortable with everyday Spanish, by combining all the benefits of complete immersion and native-level conversations with easy-to-read subtitles. El descaro = nerve, insolence; El pájaro = bird; EMO. el piloto → the male pilot                                  la piloto → the female pilot The ending of the diminutive needs to match the gender of the object or person about whom you are speaking. So, be sure to get in your authentic Spanish practice to really get these genders down. Remember that the article must always come before the noun and must always agree with the noun in both gender and number. FluentU is a video-based Spanish learning site which helps you learn the language through real-world videos, such as movie trailers, commercials, news and inspiring talks. The nouns ending in A are feminine .... except.... la mano ..... Nouns ending in-ie-ión-iz-dad-tad-tud-ez. If you click on “learn,” then you’ll go straight to the personalized flashcard content using key vocabulary from the video, giving you a chance to practice either ahead of time or after watching the clip. Just put your cursor on the captions to instantly view definitions and useful examples, while simultaneously pausing the video so you can start again once you’re ready! Please check your email for further instructions. feminine singular → la The use of masculine articles with exclusively feminine endings and vice-versa will disrupt and distort your communication. Any adjective used to describe an apple in Spanish must also be feminine (for example roja). Unfortunately, there are not as many rules to know whether a noun in Spanish is masculine. los pensamientos → the thoughts               las ideas → the ideas. Every noun in Spanish has a gender and must have the correct article. For 15 years we've taught Spanish to hundreds of thousands of learners. Most nouns keep their gender regardless of the context in which they are used, so there are some masculine nouns that are used for things we may think of as feminine and vice versa. And FluentU is more than just videos—it’s a complete language learning program. can take anywhere. ARE ALWAYS MASCULINE. Every noun in Spanish has a specific article that denotes the gender of the word. The basic rules for the gender of Spanish nouns. I knew there were plenty of exceptions, but after immersing my mind into detailed linguistic studies, I now know that it is random (or to be more accurate - historical). download the FluentU App from the iTunes store. Think of the article almost as part of the word. Please obtain a new Access Token on the plugin's Settings page.If you continue to have an issue with your Access Token then please see this FAQ for more information. Every living creature is either an  el or a la. la felicidad →  the happiness Getting the hang of Spanish gender can take time, but it is the next big step after getting a handle on the Spanish learning basics, such as learning how to self-teach,  making Spanish words plural and knowing where to place accent marks. Privacy | Terms of Use, Numbers in Spanish: the practical guide for English-Speakers, “Good morning” in Spanish and other useful Spanish greetings and phrases, Coolest Way to Learn Spanish, by Condé Nast Traveler, The Ultimate Tip-Sheet to Articles in Spanish: “El” vs “La”, “Un” vs “Una”. Within the Fluenz team, amongst us who Spanish is our first language we still have numerous discussions on whether certain words are masculine or feminine. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. The LGBTQ community has worked to make Spanish more inclusive of gender non conforming individuals. Epicene words and words of the common gender are actually different categories. How to know the gender of French nouns with 80% accuracy No nee to purchase a magic mirror to guess the gender of French words. Look up the words and see how many you got right and what rules you recognize. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you However, there are also a few tips that will help in knowing the gender of the word.For living things (people, animals, plants, etc. Gender and Adjectives. → The glass. Spanish dictionaries always indicate the gender of nouns. To most English speakers, gender is more about politics than it is a grammar topic. Adjectives and articles referring to a particular noun must have the same gender as the noun. Well the answer is just because . Girl is a feminine word, boy is masculine, and table is neutral. Below are some common Spanish nouns and their gender: As you can see, as a general rule words that end in “o” are masculine and words that end in “a” are feminine. You will quickly catch on to the patterns, nuances and subtleties of the language this way. Which one you use is based on the gender of the word you’re saying is owned. If it is masculine or neuter, it’s a little tricky. This will change the way you view the world. It’s Spanish nouns have two genders: masculine and feminine, represented here by … Useful tip: When you learn the Past Participles of verbs in Spanish you are also learning a great number of other words that are derived by the stem of the verb, as they all have a common root. A ton of listening, a lot of gibberish, some clarity with mistakes, increase in vocabulary and finally fluency! * This is the only word ending in -ua that takes a masculine article. Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine. In Spanish all nouns are either masculine or feminine. All that said, you won’t have to worry about the gender of words that are subject to debate amongst natives. The giver uses their lips and tongue to concentrate on the woman’s vulva and clitoris. Therefore, there are always exceptions to the rules, and these exceptions, in turn, create new rules. This Young Girl Explains Why “Les” Is an Important Gender Neutral Pronoun In Spanish. “el day” is masculine and is the ONLY exception. 24 comments. Knowing Spanish gender separates the Spanish language learners from the fluent speakers. (Very useful to know where to place words in sentences!) They can be definite or indefinite and have four forms: masculine singular → el masculine plural → los But it is something that even advanced students mix up once in a while. The nouns ending in O are masculine. This error message is only visible to WordPress admins, El or La? What about when a new word enters Spanish usage, how do we know what gender it takes on? are feminine. For example, in Spanish, determiners, adjectives, and pronouns change their form depending on the noun to which they refer. This makes sense. If you look at texts 30 years ago you would never find LA arquitectA, it would have been LA arquitectO. Gender & Number Agreement in Spanish. Do you think the Spanish word for “necktie” is masculine or feminine? The following examples clearly illustrate how objects commonly associated with each gender do not follow the rule. Sometimes it is obvious which gender a word is, such as the words for man and woman. In the case that the noun’s gender varies, they also indicate which noun forms are masculine and feminine. Ready for our last six rules? Only distinct living creatures fall under this categorization. Because gender is such an integral part of learning Spanish your best bet as an English speaker is to acquire each new word with its respective article. To keep you from falling into this trap, a very important step you can take is to experience and interact with these nouns in real-world situations. In both the Fluenz online program ,and in the Fluenz Spanish Immersions we take it step by step. You’ll be able to create vocab lists and track your progress as you advance through video after video. The grammatical gender of a noun affects the form of other words related to it. That’s because in English, gender refers to the actual gender of the noun being referenced. An example of an epicene word is víctima or miembro which is always feminine regardless of whether the word refers to a male or female entity.José fue la víctima de un ataque, María fue el miembro más alto del grupo.Common gender nouns can grammatically be treated as either masculine or feminine: Juan es … © 2021 Enux Education Limited. Basically, you have three genders in German — masculine, feminine, and neuter — and although English has the same three genders, they play a very different role in German grammar. ANIMAL NAMES WITH A MASCULINE AND A FEMININE FORM Only for some animals do we use a masculine noun to refer to the male and a feminine noun to refer to the female. It’s the person’s gender that will determine whether we use el or la. Las chicas → the girls                         las osas → the female bears. In addition, there is no gender … Nouns in Spanish can be classified as masculine or feminine. You’ll efficiently learn Spanish like you never have before, thanks to FluentU’s huge selection of hand-picked videos—with topics like soccer, TV shows, business, speeches, movies and even magical realism—as you can see here: FluentU brings native Spanish videos within reach with interactive captions. Actually, the word for “necktie” is a feminine word: la corbata More often than not, the endings change according to the gender of the person or animal: Sometimes only the article changes. A man’s name would also be considered a masculine noun, and a woman’s name a feminine noun. Follow this link if you want to know WHY nouns have a gender in Spanish. If you have the word for friend, it refers to a person correct? This is the first in a new series: “Gender Mender” in which I’ll be helping you master using gender in different languages and showing you tricks to remember the gender of nouns. But that is also the beauty of a language, and the fact that it is alive and evolving is one of the elements that I find personally interesting. up when learning new vocab because they had learned this rule of thumb. Spanish is an incredibly descriptive language and so it would be impossible to cover all of the adjectives in the Spanish language in just one post. el enigma →  the mystery. Las gatas → the female cats              las perras → the female dogs, La chica → the girl                               la osa → the female bear 1 niño + 4 niñas = 5 niños                    1 boy + 4 girls = 5 kids They can be definite or indefinite and have four forms: masculine singular → el Gender […] If you opt for “watch,” you’ll watch your videos as normal with interactive subtitles that are translated both by word and by sentence. For a run-down of Spanish gender, click here. (plural) Feminine Articles There are also words with a "common gender" (común), meaning that the word itself stays the same whether it's applied to a man or woman, but its article changes gender to match the binary gender of the person to whom it is applied. And because it is an occupation, we said that those that end in -a, tend to stay the same. Through online Spanish immersion with FluentU! Consult a dictionary. The masculine gender has more power than the female gender when it comes to making the rules. Singular feminine is la mía. For English speakers it is hard to determine when a noun is feminine or masculine simply because nouns in English have no gender. When you are starting out in Spanish knowing the gender of nouns is very difficult. los gatos → the male cats                                 los perros → the male dogs, el chico → the boy                                              el oso → the male bear Swipe left or right in the app to see more examples of the word you’re learning. Common Feminine Endings. The best place to start is by looking at the end of a word. On the picture below, you can see that the gender of the word chat is masculine, because you have the abbreviation nm which means masculine name. And of course, they are all derived from the isms of the previous rule. 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