Child Choice – Observe what the child prefers during free play time. Effective questioning involves using questions in the classroom to open conversations, inspire deeper intellectual thought, and promote student-to-student interaction. To interact in the classroom, teacher and students talks are needed. I also agree with Uğur Can about the using more than one pattern in the classroom. Changing how you use questions requires a few simple tweaks to your approach and not a major overhaul of your teaching methods. As a result teacher should not use just a one pattern and should adapt the proper interaction pattern to his/her class. The types of teacher talk in classroom interaction divided into seven categories, i.e., 1) accepts feeling, 2) praises or encourages, 3) accepts or uses the ideas of student, 4) asks the questions, 5) lecturing, 6) giving direction, 7) criticizing or justifying authority. There are two important points; whether the students learn the things or not, if the teacher make his/her objectives true or not. As each class is different from each other, teacher should decide which pattern s/he will use most frequently according to the class. Thank you. Which criterias are important when arranging selection of activities? All interaction patterns have different advantages. Some styles will work better than others in different learning situations, but no one learning style is completely perfect. For example in teaching pronunciation, Choral Response pattern would be the best for the students because in this pattern, it is possible for every student to repeat the word several times. In my opinion, one of the classroom interaction patterns should not applied in the classroom most. Questions are powerful, valuable tools that can take learning to new heights. So when the teacher makes a decision about classroom interaction, he should take the number of the students into the consideration. I mean, classroom interactions should serve the purpose. For example; pair work can be effective for speaking activity so as to give chance to each student to speak . I cannot say one of the classroom interaction pattern is the best of classroom interaction patterns. Student interaction is of prior importance for the current teachers. Because type of classroom interaction depends on the level of the students, topic of the lesson, the age of the students and also the number of the students. The interaction can Individuals are different from each other in terms of their characteristic and learning styles. 5 Steps to Promote Social Interaction in the Classroom for Young Children. The aim of the teacher is important, here s/he should know the learning types of the students so as to be able to adjust the lesson according to the majority of the classroom, and also should include the other types of learning not to lose the other students. For example, while we ask a question, we cannot say that there can be used “pair work” pattern for this example. … Yet we also know that when you ask better questions, you get better answers. Interaction will not necessarily happen spontaneously, however, and in my view it has to be considered before teaching. How should a teacher arrange a classroom to enable the most effective interaction? The Teaching Professor Group Subscription, Leadership in Higher Education Conference, National Conference on Student Leadership, Advertising and Sponsorship Opportunities, Journal of Faculty Development Submission Guidelines. Tips and examples for improving student-student classroom interaction Also, teachers should be able to make shifts between interaction patterns for instance when students cannot complete the task because of its difficulty, the teacher should teach it him/herself. support@magnapubs.com Episodes of classroom interaction from video recorded Also, some students may not rely on the information given by their peers. Because this question has only one answer, I should agree with my friends. For example, a teacher should embrace ‘teacher talk’ of the patterns if she teaches grammar the students. We need to communicate and it is natural. In this 20-minute video, she will share her insights and strategies that you can start using right away. What are some of the advantages of group working? Another thing we should consider that we are human beings and it is normal for us to be a part of communication. I think we do have a dominant interaction pattern in the classroom. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. In my opinion, the use of interaction patterns depends on the context of the lesson, so it would be illogical just to use one or two type of pattern mostly. For example, I can learn better in group works and some of my friends prefer to work individually. Also, all students are different. Devotes a significant proportion of class time (15-30%) to student interactions. I think we can not say that there is a certain type of classroom interaction which should be used in class most or that all classroom interactions can be used equally. The teacher should choose the useful patterns for his/her course. Broadly conceived, content-or subject-related questions were grouped into two cognitive categories: lower order, for memory, rote, and simple recall; higher order, for more demanding and exacting thinking. What Kinds of Questions Encourage Student Interaction? If we can think that we will use some activities which provide the different patterns, it is unavoidable that we will use the different kind of patterns. Asking good questions smooths the interaction between the teacher and his or her students (Behnam & Pouriran, 2009 p. 123). However, she should integrate individual work into that so that students can work on independently, or she occasionally should ask close-ended questions. In the classroom environment, there may be different types of activities, situations or problems of different lessons. A language teacher should be able to use them if necessary. You can find out and start asking them in just 20 minutes. As we have learned from our course FLE 200, in an effective lesson, all interaction patterns should be present. When answering this question, we should consider that we need clear, multi way, efficient and useful interaction among the all class including teacher. In my opinion the aim of the teacher should be to harmonize all of these classroom interaction patterns according to the needs of the students for an effective teaching and learning process. How Can Disruptive Innovation Impact STEM Education? When it comes to lecturing, I think, teacher ↔ student interaction should be used because the teacher is the source of right information, so s/he ought to conduct the lesson. For example, I can learn better in group works and some of my friends prefer to work individually. Please give your answers by providing examples. Each student learns in a different way. Therefore, teachers employ different type(s) of questions during classroom interaction due to the uniqueness of each language classroom. Your email address will not be published. In short, no matter what pattern type is used, its suitability to the context should be taken into consideration. In parallel to this, we can suppose that the learning styles or strategies can show difference from one student to another in different aspects. Besides, if she wants to make students discussion as a speaking activity, she should apply to group/pair work in order to create an interactive classroom and encourage reflection. Questions provide teachers with the ability to check on and enhance student learning. If s/he is qualified enough as a teacher, and if s/he can apply the pattern his/her classes withouth any problem, we can’t force this teacher to use the other patterns only because we think it is good to use all of the patterns. For example; in a large class pair work and group is not very useful and may cause some problems (extreme noise). Ask open-ended questions Moreover changing of interaction pattern in various activities can be beneficial. Features several students explaining their ideas to a respectful class that listens well. 1. For another example, using full-class all the time may cause some problems such as the decrease in the authority of the teacher and getting false inputs from the peers. Asking questions in order to involve students in classroom interaction is the most common technique used by teachers in EFL settings. Effective questions depend on the using of teachers’ skills. ı think interaction patterns should be applied according to the circumstances since we can not say that one of them is always the best. Questions should play an important role in every classroom–both student questions and teacher questions. Common Interaction Patterns in an ESL classroom. Effective questions focus on eliciting the process, i.e. T - Ss: Teacher talking to the whole class, such as in presenting a text, explaining grammar, giving instructions for an activity. Weimer has consulted with more than 600 colleges and universities on instructional issues and regularly… Read More, 1-800-433-0499 In that case, the teacher should be flexible to change the pattern in a way that it meets the student’s need. Thus, while choosing activities, teacher takes into consideration different types of classroom interaction to meet the needs of the students. Founded in 1972, Magna Publications serves the higher education community supporting professional development. As teachers, we cannot allow the dominance of just one type. Other patterns help us enrich the classes and have a variety of activities which is especially important when it comes to foreign language learning as different types of activities make it easier to adopt to the class and consequently, learn more efficiently. In my opinion, there are many advantages to using more than one classroom interaction patterns during the lesson. Classroom moments for interaction The most obvious use of a classroom response system is to ask questions to test the knowledge present in a classroom. ı think it is not true to choose just one interaction pattern and use it in the classroom because the most useful way of teaching and learning should serve in terms of almost all aspects. The questions of four ESL teachers in Hong Kong were analyzed. Teacher should know his/her students’ intelligences, interests etc. Uğur Can A. If we were asked the most important aspect of learning and teaching, we would obviously say that interaction between teacher and students is an essential part of teaching and learning process. Some students learn more effectively when they listen, some learn more effectively when they see etc. Teach a peer prompts or responses so adult prompts can fade. It is important that, we understand the learning styles of the students and value all styles equally. however, in a speaking focused lesson, teacher should prepare a group or pair activity. You don’t have to subscribe to the Socratic method to appreciate the value of a question in higher education. According to Walsh (2013), questions in educational settings are divided into two types according to the question’s purpose: display and referential. Keyword : Classroom Interaction, Teacher’s Questions, and Questioning Techniques Classroom interaction is part of communication among teacher and students occured whithin the classroom. I don’t think that the teacher can choose a pattern to apply it to the classroom without thinking about the students’ needs and the topic of the lesson. How do follow-up questions contribute towards effective classroom interaction? It may be a single pattern, multiple pattern or a combination of patterns. for example, in a grammar lesson, teacher know that s/he should teach the topic and lead the students. Thus, using just one type of classroom interaction in the class is not appropriate. Prepare your students for interaction right off the bat. In my opinion we cannot decide on certain pattern to apply in the classroom .I think all classroom interactions should be used equally .Types of classroom interaction changes in terms of student level ,topic of an activity and for the age of students .We learnt that from our Instructional Principles and Methodology course .Teacher should use all kinds of interaction among students. Changing how you use questions requires a few simple tweaks to your approach and not a major overhaul of your teaching methods. However, it is important to note that not all questions are created equal. How Would You Handle a Difficult Student? The preponderance of lower-order questions was troublesome to educators, for it contradicted the notion of a thoughtful classroom, promoting important if not profound student insights. For instance, pronunciation study requires both choral and individual responses. Classroom interaction is one of the crucial factors in the teaching-learning process. Also, all students are different. Praise. As we understood from the example, one pattern will not be adequate for all students in class because students are different from each other and needs different patterns. Young learners need generally teacher-student interaction for effective learning. As teachers we should be sympathetic about unexpected conditions and we should not restrict learners with nonsense limitations. Teachers can create an active learning environment by encouraging students to ask and answer questions. Also, s/he should use the interaction patterns variably. Get this from a library! QUESTIONS. 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