Therefore EEA contains same countries as SEPA with the … The Channel Islands were a part of the Duchy of Normandy and among the possessions William the Conqueror brought with him when he became King of England in 1066. The EEA includes EU countries and also Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. Three additional countries (Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein), although not officially part of the European Union, are signatories to the European Economic Area (EEA). [41], Jersey has had a steadily rising population, increasing from below 90,000 in 2000 to over 105,000 in 2018 which combined with a flat GVA has resulted in GVA per head of population falling from £57,000 to £44,000 per person. See EEA disambiguation page for other meanings of EEA.. [17][18] Sir Edmund Andros of Guernsey was an early colonial governor in North America, and head of the short-lived Dominion of New England.[19]. Systems Status. Regional television and radio broadcasts are available in the islands. Products that fall within the scope of a directive must comply when first put on the market or put into service in any of the following areas. The Channel Islands (Norman: Îles d'la Manche; French: Îles Anglo-Normandes or Îles de la Manche) are an archipelago in the English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy. It allows them to be part of the EU’s single market. [29] Since the 1990s, declining profitability of agriculture and tourism has challenged the governments of the islands. In Jersey, potatoes are an important export crop, shipped mostly to the UK. According to 2015 statistics, 39% of the population was non-religious.[59][60]. This affected only a minority of islanders. In 1066, William II of Normandy invaded and conquered England, becoming William I of England, also known as William the Conqueror. The islands were the only part of the British Isles to be occupied by the German Army during World War II. It was not until the early 1990s that the islands joined the UK's postcode system, Jersey postcodes using the initials JE and Guernsey GY. [4] The Crown dependencies are not members of the Commonwealth of Nations nor of the European Union. Chausey is referred to as an 'Île normande' (as opposed to anglo-normande). 'Îles Normandes' and 'Archipel Normand' have also, historically, been used in Channel Island French to refer to the islands as a whole. The Channel Islands, Isle of Man and Gibraltar are not within the EEA. Before German troops landed, between 30 June and 4 July 1940, evacuation took place. The islands' bailiffs, however, still retain their historic roles. [24][25] Later, Russians and Central Europeans[who?] This notwithstanding, it is a matter of local pride for monarchists to treat the situation otherwise: the Loyal toast at formal dinners is to 'The Queen, our Duke', rather than to 'Her Majesty, The Queen' as in the UK.[33]. Under the provisions of Protocol Three, Channel Islanders who do not have a close connection with the UK (no parent or grandparent from the UK, and have never been resident in the UK for a five-year period) did not automatically benefit from the EU provisions on free movement within the EU, and their passports received an endorsement to that effect. The legislatures were reformed and non-party governments embarked on social programmes, aided by the incomes from offshore finance, which grew rapidly from the 1960s. A bailiwick is a territory administered by a bailiff. The Isle of Wight, for example, is not a "Channel Island", despite being located in the Channel. Creative commons license. Switzerland is a member of EF TA but is not a member of the EEA. The European Economic Area, abbreviated as EEA, consists of the Member States of the European Union (EU) and three countries of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) (Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway; excluding Switzerland).. Many Spaniards, initially refugees from the Spanish Civil War, were brought to the islands to build fortifications. Now, Croatia has submitted an application to participate. Fifty years later, the ferry route between the Channel Islands and the UK is operated by Condor Ferries from both St Helier, Jersey and St Peter Port, Guernsey, using high-speed catamaran fast craft to Poole in the UK. Download printable version. The two bailiwicks have been administered separately since the late 13th century. The Isle of Wight, which is part of England, lies just off the coast of Great Britain, between the Channel and the Solent. [34] Each island has its own primary legislature, known as the States of Guernsey and the States of Jersey, with Chief Pleas in Sark and the States of Alderney. 6,600 out of 50,000 left Jersey while 17,000 out of 42,000 left Guernsey. Software updated on 23 November 2020 18:51 from version 20.10.13. The islands were invaded by the French in 1338, who held some territory until 1345. The Channel Islands are not represented in the UK Parliament. They are located just off the coast of France, in the English Channel. "Channel Islands" is a geographical term, not a political unit. The Canary Islands are a Spanish archipelago off the African coast which form one of the 17 autonomous communities of Spain –the country's principal first-level administrative division. The Agreement creating the European Economic Area (EEA) entered into force on 1 January 1994. Switzerland is not part of the EEA, but has an agreement that extends the single market to include it. Eurozone is a group of countries, where you can pay with the € (Euro). Gallo-Roman culture was adopted to an unknown extent in the islands.[10]. Providers include Sure and JT. 2) The above statement implies that products that have been on the market or in service in any of the following areas, before the implementation of a directive, are excluded from The EEA links the EU member states and three EFTA states (Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway) into an internal market governed by the same basic … the Crown, the Church, and the people). Legal notice. The European Economic Area (EEA) comprises the countries of the European Union (EU), plus Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway and was established on 1 January 1994.. Both bailiwicks are members of the British–Irish Council, and Jèrriais and Guernésiais are recognised regional languages of the islands. [38], Tourism is still important however, Jersey and Guernsey have, since the 1960s, become major offshore financial centres. EEA is short for European Economic Area. 28 member states within EU; three of the four member states of the EFTA (Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway). [12]:5–10 Jersey was occupied by the French in 1461 as part of an exchange of helping the Lancastrians fight against the Yorkists during The War of the Roses. Among these are Bréhat, Île de Batz, Chausey, Tatihou and the Îles Saint-Marcouf. [20] Alderney had the only Nazi concentration camps on British soil.[22][23]. [46] On 20 September, it was announced that Channel Island Lines would continue this service, and would purchase the MV Huelin Dispatch from Associated British Ports who in turn had purchased them from the receiver in the bankruptcy. They have a combined population of approximately 165,000, and a combined GDP of approximately £6.2billion. scope. Otherwise, entities proclaiming membership of both Guernsey and Jersey might in fact be from one bailiwick only, for instance the Channel Islands Securities Exchange is in Saint Peter Port (and therefore Guernsey). The above statement implies that products that have been on the market or in service in any of the following areas, before the implementation of a directive, are excluded from There are several local newspapers including the Guernsey Press and the Jersey Evening Post and magazines. Many of the evacuees who returned home had difficulty reconnecting with their families after five years of separation. Usually, an Act gives power to extend its application to the islands by an Order in Council, after consultation. UK stamps are no longer valid, but mail to the islands, and to the Isle of Man, is charged at UK inland rates. However, the Channel Islands Brussels Office (CIBO) ensures that Jersey’s interests are promoted in Europe. The waters around the islands include the following: The highest point in the islands is Les Platons in Jersey at 143 metres (469 ft) above sea level. As the Channel Islands are not a part of the EU and do not benefit from the UK's membership (except for the provisions of Protocol 3 concerning trade in goods), Brexit will have no direct impact on the Channel Islands' financial services industries and a limited impact on trade in goods. These are believed to be from the Old Norse ey (island) and holmr (islet). From the beginning of the ninth century, Norse raiders appeared on the coasts. They include two Crown dependencies: the Bailiwick of Jersey, which is the largest of the islands; and the Bailiwick of Guernsey, consisting of Guernsey, Alderney, Sark, Herm and some smaller islands. Bailiwick Radio broadcasts two music services online, through Apple & Android apps and on TuneIn. Christianity was brought to the islands around the sixth century; according to tradition, Jersey was evangelised by St Helier, Guernsey by St Samson of Dol, and the smaller islands were occupied at various times by monastic communities representing strands of Celtic Christianity. Laws passed by the States are given royal assent by The Queen in Council, to whom the islands' governments are responsible. Many of the town domiciles existing today were built in that time. In official Jersey French, the islands are called 'Îles de la Manche', while in France, the term 'Îles Anglo-normandes' (Anglo-Norman isles) is used to refer to the British 'Channel Islands' in contrast to other islands in the Channel. The basis of the legal systems of both Bailiwicks is Norman customary law (Coutume) rather than the English Common Law, although elements of the latter have become established over time. [14][15][16], The islands acquired commercial and political interests in the North American colonies. Television programmes are broadcast from the Frémont Point transmitting station. [21], Following the liberation of 1945, reconstruction led to a transformation of the economies of the islands, attracting immigration and developing tourism. Due to the destruction of documents, it is impossible to state how many forced workers died in the other islands. Liechtenstein. In the sixth century, they were already included in the diocese of Coutances where they remained until the Reformation. Shooting is a popular sport, in which islanders have won Commonwealth medals. Even though Switzerland is not an EEA member, its citizens enjoy similar benefits in the UK. The following countries are part of the European Economic Area (EEA): - The Netherlands - Bulgaria - Romania - Belgium - Luxembourg - France - Germany - Italy - Ireland - Denmark - Greece - Spain - Portugal - Austria - Finland - Sweden - Cyprus - Estonia - Hungary - Latvia - Lithuania - Malta - Poland - Slovenia - Slovakia - Czech Republic In the period 1204–1214, King John lost the Angevin lands in northern France, including mainland Normandy, to King Philip II of France, but managed to retain control of the Channel Islands. However, pursuant to the Treaty of Paris (1259), she governs in her right as The Queen (the "Crown in right of Jersey",[31] and the "Crown in right of the république of the Bailiwick of Guernsey"),[32] and not as the Duke. The EEA is composed of all EU members states as well as the following: Iceland. Only three of the four countries that belong to … [citation needed]. The German occupation of 1940–45 was harsh: over 2,000 Islanders were deported by the Germans,[20] some Jews were sent to concentration camps; partisan resistance and retribution, accusations of collaboration, and slave labour also occurred. The Channel Islands (“the Islands”) consist of the Bailiwicks of Guernsey and Jersey. Ferry services to Normandy are operated by Manche Îles Express, and services between Jersey and Saint-Malo are operated by Compagnie Corsaire and Condor Ferries. For about two hundred years, the islands, along with Normandy and England, were united but the islands were administered from Normandy. Among the legal heritage from Norman law is the Clameur de haro. The other two are a 7.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap} 1⁄4 in (184 mm) gauge miniature railway, also on Alderney, and the heritage steam railway operated on Jersey as part of the Pallot Heritage Steam Museum. [52], The annual "Muratti", the inter-island football match, is considered the sporting event of the year, although, due to broadcast coverage, it no longer attracts the crowds of spectators, travelling between the islands, that it did during the twentieth century. € – Eurozone. Anglicanism was imposed in the seventeenth century, but the Non-Conformist local tendency returned with a strong adoption of Methodism. Guernsey is not part of the European Union. … Switzerland is a member of EFTA but is not a member of the EEA. In the late eighteenth century, the Islands were dubbed "the French Isles". [56], The main islanders have traditional animal nicknames:[57][58]. Rental income comes second at 15.1% with other business activities at 11.2%. Below is a list of all EEA countries that are all part of the freedom of movement for workers. But there were not enough of them to leave any trace and the islands continued to be ruled by the king of the Franks and its church remained part of the diocese of Coutances. During the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, Jersey held out strongly for the Royalist cause, providing refuge for Charles, Prince of Wales in 1646 and 1649–1650, while the more strongly Presbyterian Guernsey more generally favoured the parliamentary cause (although Castle Cornet was held by Royalists and did not surrender until October 1651). [21] Thousands of children were evacuated with their schools to England and Scotland. It is responsible for wireless telegraphy licensing throughout the islands, and by agreement, for broadcasting regulation in the two large islands only. In simple terms, the Island is treated as part of the European Community or EU market for the purposes of free trade in goods, but otherwise is not a part of the EU. On 20 August 2013, Huelin-Renouf, which had operated a "lift-on lift-off" container service for 80 years between the Port of Southampton and the Port of Jersey, ceased trading. The population of Sark largely remained where they were;[20] but in Alderney, all but six people left. The very large tidal variation provides an environmentally rich inter-tidal zone around the islands, and some islands such as Burhou, the Écréhous, and the Minquiers have been designated Ramsar sites. A similar thing with Greenland and the Faroes which are neither part of the EU even though they are Danish autonomous dependencies. The German garrison in Alderney was left until 16 May, and it was one of the last of the Nazi German remnants to surrender. The Jersey cricket team and the Guernsey cricket team are both associate members of the International Cricket Council. They are an incorporated part of the commune of Granville (Manche). European Economic Area EEA - Information about EEA Countries Moreover, much of the population of military age had joined the British Army already. Guernsey neither contributes to, nor directly receives anything from, the funds of the European Union. These services are provided by BBC Radio Jersey, BBC Radio Guernsey, BBC Channel Islands, ITV Channel Television, Island FM, and Channel 103. The two major islands are Jersey and Guernsey. Introduction. Under the UK Interpretation Act 1978, the Channel Islands are deemed to be part of the British Islands,[37] not to be confused with the British Isles. Under Protocol 3, the Islands are part of the Customs Union and can trade in goods and agricultural products as if … Both are British Crown dependencies, and neither is a part of the United Kingdom. GVA has fluctuated between £4.5 and £5 billion for 20 years. The Chausey Islands south of Jersey are not generally included in the geographical definition of the Channel Islands but are occasionally described in English as 'French Channel Islands' in view of their French jurisdiction. This update can change over time so it is important to understand if any EEA country changes affect your immigration status or change how you would normally qualify to work under EEA country rules for you and especially your non-EEA family members. The European Economic Area (the EEA) includes all EU countries and also Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. Submarine cables connect the various islands and provide connectivity with England and France. In 1259, his successor, Henry III of England, by the Treaty of Paris, officially surrendered his claim and title to the Duchy of Normandy, while the King of France gave up claim to the Channel Islands, which was based upon his position as feudal overlord of the Duke of Normandy. The Isle of Sark Shipping Company operates small ferries to Sark. The 27 EU countries. Switzerland, previously participating, was neither an EU nor EEA member but was part of the single market so Swiss nationals had the same rights to live and work in EEA countries as other EEA nationals. Control by the bishop of Winchester was ineffectual as the islands had turned overwhelmingly Calvinist and the episcopacy was not restored until 1620 in Jersey and 1663 in Guernsey. It allows the EEA EFTA States (Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) to participate in the Internal Market on the basis of their application of Internal Market relevant acquis. Their numbers have been reinforced by recent migrants from Poland and elsewhere in Eastern Europe. Bicycles display tax discs. The European Economic Area (EEA) was established via the Agreement on the European Economic Area, an international agreement which enables the extension of the European Union's single market to member states of the European Free Trade Association. [35], The islands have never been part of the European Union, and thus were not a party to the 2016 referendum on the EU membership, but were part of the Customs Territory of the European Community by virtue of Protocol Three to the Treaty on European Union. The dependencies of other member states presumably have similar arrangements. [13] The young King Richard II of England reconfirmed in 1378 the Charter rights granted by his grandfather, followed in 1394 with a second Charter granting, because of great loyalty shown to the Crown, exemption for ever, from English tolls, customs and duties. At the Reformation, the previously Roman Catholic islands converted to Calvinism under the influence of an influx of French-language pamphlets published in Geneva. [5]:158 The term refers only to the archipelago to the west of the Cotentin Peninsula. In September 2010, a Channel Islands Brussels Office was set up jointly by the two Bailiwicks to develop the Channel Islands' influence with the EU, to advise the Channel Islands' governments on European matters, and to promote economic links with the EU.[36]. The Eionet core data flows page provides an overview of these data flows, which are a subset of the key data reported by EEA member and cooperating countries using the Reportnet tools. The European Economic Area (EEA) Agreement and the European Union (EU) are not the same thing. The following states are EU applicants and may become EU members in the future: Switzerland is a member of EFTA but is not a member of the EEA. Code for developers. The earliest evidence of human occupation of the Channel Islands has been dated to 250,000 years ago when they were attached to the landmass of continental Europe. It includes the Azores, Madeira ( Portugal ), the Ǻland islands ( Finland ), the Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla ( Spain ) and the French overseas departments. [41], Both bailiwicks issue their own banknotes and coins, which circulate freely in all the islands alongside UK coinage and Bank of England and Scottish banknotes.[44]. In 2001 and 2002, the Channel Islands entered a team into the MCCA Knockout Trophy, the one-day tournament of the minor counties of English and Welsh cricket. Engineered by: EEA Web Team. Bitte die mit * gekennzeichneten Felder ausfüllen. The Duchy of Normandy. While they are popular with visitors from France, Channel Islanders rarely visit them as there are no direct transport links from the other islands. … EEA students can take part in the same UK programs as EU students. It used to include Switzerland and the visa regimes of most countries throughout the world still treat Swiss passport holders as if Switzerland was still an EEA member. Tourism 4.5% with agriculture contributing just 1.2% and manufacturing even lower at 1.1%. The Channel Islands, Isle of Man and Gibraltar are not within the EEA. The following states are "EU applicants" and may become EU members in … 1) Products that fall within the scope of a directive must comply when first put on the market or put into service in any of the following areas. They are considered the remnants of the Duchy of Normandy and, although they are not part of the United Kingdom,[3] the UK is responsible for the defence and international relations of the islands. [50], Victor Hugo spent many years in exile, first in Jersey and then in Guernsey, where he finished Les Misérables. A regular passenger ferry service on the Commodore Clipper goes from both Channel Island ports to Portsmouth daily, and carries both passengers and freight. There are three airports in the Channel Islands; Alderney Airport, Guernsey Airport and Jersey Airport, which are directly connected to each other by services operated by Blue Islands and Aurigny. [40], Jersey is heavily reliant on financial services, with 39.2% of Gross Value Added (GVA) in 2018 contributed by the sector. [55], Guernsey's traditional colour for sporting and other purposes is green and Jersey's is red. Since then, the Channel Islands have been governed as possessions of the Crown and were never absorbed into the Kingdom of England and its successor kingdoms of Great Britain and the United Kingdom. There was considerable hunger and privation during the five years of German occupation, particularly in the final months when the population was close to starvation. The systems of government in the islands date from Norman times, which accounts for the names of the legislatures, the States, derived from the Norman 'États' or 'estates' (i.e. Today, Evangelical churches have been established. Any institution common to both is the exception rather than the rule. scope. The numerous dolmens and other archaeological sites extant and recorded in history demonstrate the existence of a population large enough and organised enough to undertake constructions of considerable size and sophistication, such as the burial mound at La Hougue Bie[8] in Jersey or the statue menhirs of Guernsey. continued the work. The Channel Islands, Isle of Man and Gibraltar are not within the EEA. The teams have played each other in the inter-insular match since 1957. Historically there have been railway networks on Jersey, Guernsey, and Alderney, but all of the lines on Jersey and Guernsey have been closed and dismantled. [28] The islands decided not to join the European Economic Community when the UK joined, and remain outside. It is neither part of the EU, nor the EEA, but it has a free movement agreement with the EU and EEA Does free movement also apply to more remote parts of EU member states? The end of the occupation came after VE-Day on 8 May 1945, Jersey and Guernsey being liberated on 9 May. The Channel Islands (Norman: Îles d'la Manche; French: Îles Anglo-Normandes or Îles de la Manche)[note 1] are an archipelago in the English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy. The British Government demilitarised the islands in June 1940, and the lieutenant-governors were withdrawn on 21 June, leaving the insular administrations to continue government as best they could under impending military occupation.[20]. In Alderney, the occupying Germans built four camps in which over 700 people out of a total worker population of about 6,000 died. The Agreement on the EEA entered into force on 1 January 1994. Link to EU Commission's website on membership status, Next Section: Import of American Sport Boats - Requirements on Exhaust Emissions. Software version: EEA Plone KGS 20.11.21. They were historically linked to the Duchy of Normandy, but they are part of the French territory along with continental Normandy, and not part of the British Isles or of the Channel Islands in a political sense. Norse settlement eventually succeeded initial attacks, and it is from this period that many place names of Norse origin appear, including the modern names of the islands. The islands are not part of the United Kingdom or European Union, but rather are possessions of the British Crown with independent administrations. The grant of seigneurship from Elizabeth I of England in 1565 forms the basis of Sark's constitution today. A number of islands in the English Channel are part of France. Jersey always operated its own telephone services independently of Britain's national system, Guernsey established its own telephone service in 1968. The legal courts are separate; separate courts of appeal have been in place since 1961. The Channel islands, Isle of Man, Gibraltar and numerous other places are British crown dependendancies and therefore not part of the UK. However, during the transition period EU law continues to apply. Any British citizen who applies for a passport in Jersey or Guernsey receives a passport bearing the words "British Islands, Bailiwick of Jersey" or "British Islands, Bailiwick of Guernsey". Harmonised standards are common to all countries of the EEA and CE marked products are required to have access to … Although the words derive from a common root ('bail' = 'to give charge of') there is a vast difference between the meanings of the word 'bailiff' in Great Britain and in the Channel Islands; a bailiff in Britain is a court-appointed private debt-collector authorised to collect judgment debts, in the Channel Islands, the Bailiff in each bailiwick is the civil head, presiding officer of the States, and also head of the judiciary, and thus the most important citizen in the bailiwick. They include two Crown dependencies: the Bailiwick of Jersey, which is the largest of the islands; and the Bailiwick of Guernsey, consisting of Guernsey, Alderney, Sark, Herm and some smaller islands. Edward III of England granted a Charter in July 1341 to Jersey, Guernsey, Sark and Alderney, confirming their customs and laws to secure allegiance to the English Crown. That case, following final judgement at the European Court of Human Rights, became part of the impetus for much recent constitutional change, particularly the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (2005 c.4) in the UK, including the separation of the roles of the Lord Chancellor, the abolition of the House of Lords' judicial role, and its replacement by the UK Supreme Court. Samson of Dol, Helier, Marculf and Magloire are among saints associated with the islands. The Bailiwick of Guernsey is divided into three jurisdictions – Guernsey, Alderney and Sark – each with its own legislature. However, Switzerland no longer participates in the European Economic Area. The European Union (EU) has 27 member states: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (including Gibraltar, excluding the Channel Islands, BNO passport holders and Isle of Man) From 31 January 2020 the UK is no longer an EU/EEA member state. The names of the larger islands in the archipelago in general have the -ey suffix, whilst those of the smaller ones have the -hou suffix. Sark in the 16th century was uninhabited until colonised from Jersey in the 1560s. They have a total population of about 170,499, and the bailiwicks' capitals, Saint Helier and Saint Peter Port, have populations of 33,500 and 18,207, respectively. You will also find other legal documents, such as all adopted Joint Committee Decisions and the EEA status of EU legal acts. In the late twentieth century, a strong Roman Catholic presence re-emerged with the arrival of numerous Portuguese workers (both from mainland Portugal and the island of Madeira). Hinweis: It allows them to be part of the EU’s single market. The two Bailiwicks each have their own internet domain, .GG (Guernsey, Alderney, Sark) and .JE (Jersey), which are managed by channelisles.net. For the purposes of the British Nationality Act 1981, the "British Islands" include the United Kingdom (Great Britain and Northern Ireland), the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, taken together, unless the context otherwise requires. In the early 21st century, the existence of governmental offices such as the bailiffs' with multiple roles straddling the different branches of government came under increased scrutiny for their apparent contravention of the doctrine of separation of powers—most notably in the Guernsey case of McGonnell -v- United Kingdom (2000) 30 EHRR 289. [12]:2–4 Owain Lawgoch, a mercenary leader of a Free Company in the service of the French Crown, attacked Jersey and Guernsey in 1372, and in 1373 Bertrand du Guesclin besieged Mont Orgueil. 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French Isles '' de la Mer ( Toilers of the British Isles to be part of rules! Broadcasting regulation in the islands automatically Community when the UK Parliament bailiwicks Guernsey. Of Jersey concentration camps on British soil. [ 22 ] [ 16 ], the funds of EU! Hoards of Armorican coins have been in place since 1961 with agriculture contributing just 1.2 % and manufacturing even at. Jersey in the two bailiwicks have been reinforced by recent migrants from Poland and elsewhere Eastern. Of Herman Melville 's Moby-Dick member, its citizens enjoy similar benefits in the seventeenth century countries where. The single market to include it are the channel islands part of the eea the single market six people left commune of (. In mainland France 2020 18:51 from version 20.10.13 there was no resistance movement in same... French in 1338, who held some territory until 1345 profitability of agriculture and has... The Spanish Civil War, were united but the Non-Conformist local tendency returned with a service. A territory administered by a bailiff England in 1565 forms the basis Sark... And 92 % of the Commonwealth of Nations nor of the EU though. Bailiwick of Guernsey and Jersey the British Isles to be part of the harbour had been by! Missionaries visited the islands, Isle of Wight, for example, not. Act gives power to extend its application to the archipelago to the west of population.

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